VETERINARY DRUGS AND THEIR USES

IMPORTANT AND LIFE SAVING

Drugs For Dogs
The Drugs Veterinarians Depend On

DOG DRUGS ALPHABETICALLY

THE DRUGS AND WHAT THEY DO

A

  • acepromazine – sedative,  tranquilizer,  and antiemetic
  • alprazolam – benzodiazepine used as an anxiolytic and tranquilizer
  • altrenogest – used to synchronizes estrus
  • amantadine – analgesic for chronic pain
  • aminophylline – bronchodilator
  • amitraz – antiparasitic used to control ticks,  mites,  lice,  and other animal pests
  • amitriptyline – tricyclic antidepressant used to treat separation anxiety,  excessive grooming and spraying in dogs and cats
  • amlodipine – calcium channel blocker used to decrease blood pressure
  • amoxicillin – antibacterial
  • apomorphine – emetic  (used to induce vomiting)
  • artificial tears – lubricant eye drops used as a tear supplement
  • atenolol – treats cardiac arrhythmias,  hypertension,  and diabetes plus other cardiovascular disorders
  • atipamezole – ą2-adrenergic antagonist used to reverse the sedative  and analgesic effects of alpha2 adrenergic receptor agonists

B

  • benazepril – ACE – inhibitor used in heart failure,  hypertension,  chronic kidney failure,  and protein – losing-nephropathy
  • bethanechol – stimulates bladder contractions
  • bupivacaine – local anesthetic primarily utilized pre- and postoperatively
  • buprenorphine – narcotic for pain relief in cats after surgery
  • butorphanol – mu agonist/kappa antagonist,  used as a cough suppressant and for a muscle relaxation effects in horses

C

  • carprofen – COX-2 selective NSAID used to relieve pain and inflammation in dogs and cats
  • cephalexin – antibiotic,  particularly useful for susceptible Staphylococcus infections
  • cefovecin – a cephalosporin-class antibiotic used to treat skin infections in dogs and cats
  • cefpodoxime – antibiotic
  • ceftiofur – cephalosporin antibiotic
  • chloral hydrate/magnesium sulfate/pentobarbital – combination anesthetic agent
  • chloramphenicol – antibacterial used to treat anaerobic bacterial infections,  both Gram-positive and – negative
  • cimetidine – H2 antagonist used to reduce gastric and production
  • ciprofloxacin – antibiotic of quinolone group
  • ciamoxyquine – antiparasitic to treat salmonids for infection with the myxozoan parasite
  • clavamox – antibiotic,  used to treat skin and other infections
  • clavaseptin – antibiotic
  • clavulanic acid – adjunct to penicillin-derived antibiotics used to overcome resistance in bacteria that secrete beta-lactamase
  • clenbuterol – decongestant and bronchodilator used for the treatment of recurrent airway obstruction in horses
  • clindamycin – antibiotic with a particular use in dental infections with effects against most aerobic Gram-positive cocci
  • clomipramine – primarily used in dogs to treat behavioral problems
  • cyproheptadine – used as an appetite stimulant in cats and dogs

D

  • deracoxib – (NSAID) nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
  • dexamethasone – anti-inflammatory steroid
  • diazepam – benzodiazepine used to treat status epilepticus,  also used as a  pre-anaethetic and a sedative
  • dichlorophene – fungicide,  germicide,  and antimicrobial agent,  also used for the removal of parasites
  • diphenhydramine – histamine blocker
  • doxycycline – antibiotic,  also used to treat Lyme disease

E

  • enalapril – ACE-inhibitor used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure
  • enrofloxacin – Broad-spectrum antibiotic  (Gram-positive and -negatives) – not recommended for streptococci,  or anaerobic bacteria
  • equine chorionic gonadotropin – gonadotropic hormone used to induce ovulation in livestock prior to artificial insemination

F

  • fenbendazole – antiparasite drug used for mainly nematodes
  • fipronil – antiparasiticide
  • flunixin meglumine – a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug used as an analgesic and antipyretic in horses
  • furosemide – diuretic used to prevent exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in horses

G

  • gabapentin – strong pain reliever
  • gentamicin/betamethasone valerate/clotrimazole – combination drug product used to treat ear diseases in dogs
  • glycopyrrolate – an emergency drug used for cardiac support

H

  • hydromorphone – opioid analgesic used as a premedication
  • hydroxyzine – an emergency drug used primarily for the treatment of allergies

I

  • imidacloprid/moxidectin – antiparasitic product
  • isoxsuprine – vasodilator used for laminitis and navicular disease in horses
  • ivermectin – a broad-spectrum antiparasitic used in horses,  cattle,  sheep,  goats,  and dogs

K

  • ketamine – dissociative anesthetic and tranquilizer in cats,  dogs,  horses,  and other animals
  • ketoprofen – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug  (NSAID)

L

  • levamisole – antiparasitic
  • levetiracetam – anti-convulsant used for seizures
  • levothyroxine – used in the treatment of hypothyroidism
  • lufenuron – insecticide used for flea control

M

    • marbofloxacin – antibiotic
    • maropitant – antiemetic
    • mavacoxib – a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug  (NSAID)
    • medetomidine – surgical anesthetic and analgesic
    • meloxicam – nonsteroidal anti-inflammation and pain
    • methimazole – used in the treatment of hyperthyroidism
    • metoclopramide – potent antiemetic,  secondary as a prokinetic
    • metronidazole – antibiotic against anaerobic bacteria
    • milbemycin oxime – broad-spectrum antiparasitic used as an anthelmintic,  insecticide,  and miticide
    • mirtazapine – antiemetic and appetite stimulant in cats and dogs
    • morphine – pure mu agonist/opioid analgesic used as a premedication
    • moxifloxacin – antibiotic

N

  • neomycin – antibacterial
  • nimesulide – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug  (NSAID)
  • nitarsone – feed additive used in poultry to increase weight gain,  improve feed efficiency,  and prevent histomoniasis  (blackhead disease)
  • nitenpyram -insecticide
  • nitroscanate – anthelmintic used to treat roundworms,  hookworms, and tapeworms
  • nitroxynil – anthelmintic for fasciola and liver fluke infestations
  • nystatin – antifungal

O

  • octacitinib – antipruritic
  • ofloxacin – fluoroquinolone antibiotic
  • omeprazole – used for treatment and prevention of gastric ulcers in horses
  • oxibendazole – anthelmintic
  • oxymorphone – analgesic
  • oxytetracycline – antibiotic

P

  • pentobarbital – humane euthanasia of animals not to be used in food
  • pentoxyifylline – xanthine derivative used in as an anti-inflammatory drug and in the prevention of endotoxemia
  • pergolide – dopamine receptor agonist used for the treatment of pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction in horses
  • phenobarbital – anti-convulsant used for seizures
  • phenylbutazone – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug  (NSAID)
  • phenylpropanolamine – controls urinary incontinence in dogs
  • phenytoin/pentobarbital – animal euthanasia product containing phenytoin and pentobarbital
  • pimobendan – phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitor used to manage heart failure in dogs
  • pirlimycin – antimicrobial
  • ponazuril – anticoccidial
  • praziquantel -treatment of infestations of the tapeworms Dipylidium caninum,  Taenia pisiformis,  Echinococcus granulosus
  • prazosin – sympatholytic used in hypertension and abnormal muscle contractions
  • prednisolone – glucocorticoid  (steroid)  used in the management of inflammation and autoimmune disease
  • Pregabalin – neuropathic pain reliever and anti-convulsant
  • propofol – short-acting intravenous drug used to induce anesthesia
  • pyrantel – effective against ascarids,  hookworms,  and stomach worms

R

  • rafoxanide – parasiticide
  • rifampin – anti-microbial primarily used in conjunction with other erythromycins in the treatment of Rhodococcus equi  infections of foals
  • robenacoxib – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug  (NSAID)
  • roxarsone – arsenical used as a coccidiostat and for increased weight gain

S

  • selamectin – antiparasitic treating fleas,  roundworms,  ear mites,  heartworm,  and hookworms
  • silver sulfadiazine – antibacterial
  • streptomycin – an antibiotic used in large animals
  • sucralfate – treats gastric ulcers
  • sulfasalazine – anti-inflammatory and antirheumatic

T

  • Telazol – an intravenous drug used to induce anesthesia,  a combination of tiletamine and zolazepam
  • tepoxalin – a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug  (NSAID)
  • theophylline – for bronchospasm and cardiogenic edema
  • thiostrepton – antibiotic
  • thiabendazole – antiparasitic
  • tolfenamic acid – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug  (NSAID)
  • tramadol – analgesic
  • triamcinolone acetonide – corticosteroid
  • trimethoprim -used widely for bacterial infections,  and is in the family of sulfa drugs
  • trimethoprim/sulfadoxine – antibacterial containing trimethoprim and sulfadoxine
  • trilostane – for canine Cushing’s  (hyperadrenocorticism)  syndrome
  • tylosin – antibiotic

U

  • ursodeoxycholic acid  (INN) or ursodiol  (USAN) – hydrophilic bile acid used to treat liver diseases

X

  • xylazine – a2-adrenergic agonist,  used to temporarily sedate animals

Y

  • yohimbine – used to reverse effects of xylazine,  also called an  “antidote” to xylazine

Z

  • zonisamide – anti-convulsant used for seizures

 

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